What is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a disease that occurs in the body due to high blood sugar or high amounts of blood glucose. Glucose is a source of energy in the body. Your pancreas creates insulin which helps the glucose from food to be used for energy.

Overtime, having too much glucose in your bloodstream will cause diabetes. There is no foolproof cure for diabetes however there are several methods you can regulate your diabetes to lead a healthier life.

Why worry about high blood pressure?

  1. Type 1 Diabetes
    Type 1 Diabetes is where your body does not make insulin. Type 1 Diabetes is more common in young adults and children however it is possible to appear at any age. Individuals with type 1 Diabetes will require to take insulin daily in order to survive.
  2. Type 2 Diabetes
    Type 2 Diabetes is a condition where your body does not use insulin adequately or your body does not create enough insulin. Diabetes can occur at any age, even children. This is the most common type of Diabetes, mostly middle-aged and older people are more prone to getting Type 2 Diabetes.
  3. Gestational Diabetes
    This develops in pregnant women during pregnancy. Usually, this type of Diabetes goes away on its own after childbirth. However, if you’ve experienced gestational diabetes you have a greater chance of getting type 2 Diabetes later in life.

Who is at greater risk of getting Diabetes?

The risk factors of Type 2 Diabetes include the following:

  • Obesity – Individuals that are overweight have a high risk of developing Diabetes
  • Family History – If your family members (Siblings/ Parents) have diabetes, there is a higher chance of developing Diabetes.
  • High Cholesterol and Glucose Levels
  • High Blood Pressure and Heart Disease
  • Age – Individuals over the age of 45 are at higher risk

What are the Symptoms of Type 1 Diabetes?

  • Frequent Urination
  • Fatigue and Extreme Hunger
  • Unusual Thirst
  • Sudden Weight Loss
  • Blurred Vision

What are the Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes?

  • The same symptoms as Type 1 
  • Bruises and wounds that take time to heal
  • Numb feet and hands or tingling sensation in the feet and hands
  • Infections in the bladder, gums and skin

How can you treat and control Diabetes?

One of the most important things a person with Diabetes should do is to monitor their blood sugar levels. A combination of medications, exercise and diet can help control diabetes. It is vital to pay attention to the type of food you consume and any changes in blood sugar levels would require you to change medication dosages.  A specialised doctor will help you by providing a treatment plan and provide information on any lifestyle changes that may be required to keep your diabetes in check.